Narrative theory and how we’ll implement it into our construction


Narrative is made up of story and plot, which includes all contextual events and order in which they appear. It is vital that we understand the factors that make up good narrative as we want our piece to be as professional and of as high a level as possible.

Three act Structure:

. Very simple, the story is made up out of three acts: Act 1- Set up, first 30minutes of film. Act 2- starts with 1st plot point, 1 hour of film, finishes with 2nd plot point, build-up and Act 3- resolution, last 30 minutes of film


Male Gaze

. Mulvey argues that as cinema is dominated by men, audiences are shown a heterosexual male view of society. She argues that women are sexualised to attract men and that they are used to create voyeurism, the sexual pleasure derived from looking. She also argues that narcissism plays a big part in narrative, arguing that men are so in love with themselves that they love seeing other men being successful and powerful.


Narrative Structure

. Todorov 5 stage theory relating to the establishment of an equilibrium, the fall of said equilibrium, resolution of problem, establishment of new equilibrium, new equilibrium becomes the norm.


Propp Character Types

Propp theorised that there are 8 archetypal character types to any film or old fairy tale:Hero- protagonist, goes to save the princess, villain- opponent of hero, dispatcher- sets hero off on journey, princess- reward for the hero, donor- gives the hero a vital item, father- gives the hero the reward, false hero- who tempts the hero away from their quest and the helper- who helps the hero. Propp argues that without at least a majority of these character types present it is very difficult to have an effective and professional narrative to your text.

 Binary Opposites

. Levi-Strauss hypothesised that opposites structure the text, specifically binary opposites such as: Black and White, Night and Day, Good and Bad, Hot and Cold, Good and Evil


Action and Enigma Codes

. Barthes said that certain actions in films cause a reaction. These are called Action codes. On the other hand are enigma codes, that are related to the story and are often triggered by the action codes. He also theorised that mysteries can drive the story onwards as well.

To conclude, we will ensure that we have a number of the conventions from each of the theories as they all include key components of a good narrative, without which it would be hard to create an exciting or appealing narrative, making it hard to make a trailer for which is one of our tasks.



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